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2011-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
|Publisher:||Flogen Star OUTREACH|
|ISSN:||2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)|
Germany is accelerating its efforts to become the world's first industrial power to use 100 % renewable energy. In fact, renewable energy technologies have been deployed rapidly in Germany since 1990 largely as a result of:a) energy policies adopted by the German government, and b) the European Union. The share of electricity produced from renewable energy in Germany has increased from 6.3 % of the national total in 2000 to about 17 % in 2010. This paper discusses effectiveness of renewable energy policy in Germany. It also deals with challenges to the future development of renewable energy. The paper concludes that over the past two decades, Germany’s approach toward renewable energy has shifted from a focus on publicly-financed research and development (R & D) toward policies promoting application and implementation of new technologies in the market place. This transition has occurred gradually and as a result of a number of domestic and international political developments since the 1980s. The European Union (EU) Directives mandating aggressive renewable energy deployment, pressure from domestic environmental advocates and legislators, the phase-out of nuclear power, and commitments to international treaties such as the Kyoto Protocol all have been important factors in the evolution of German energy policy.