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2011-Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit
|Publisher:||Flogen Star OUTREACH|
|ISSN:||2291-1227 (Metals and Materials Processing in a Clean Environment Series)|
The average consumption of electricity for production of one kilogram Aluminum is about 14 KWh. So the method of aluminum production is one of effective parameters in saving and condensing energy. This was one of the reasons for Iran and other Persian Gulf countries, whose oil and gas is excessive for export, to think about converting their raw oil to Aluminum primary products. For this reason the strategy of aluminum industry was to produce about 1.5 million tons primary aluminum in Iran. On the other hand, Iran had a subsidized economy for about 30 years. The subsidization was considered for some common consumable products, especially for energy, electricity and even some capital investments. The subsidize capacity for energy was almost more than 50 billion US dollars in 2010. The whole economy, industry and even the culture were affected by this policy in Iran. Since 2011, after 30 years of governing subsidy regulation, the policy is changing to competitive condition by elimination of subsidize policy. This makes changing of the economical and technological condition of Iranian industries. The most effect will be for aluminum production industries, as primary aluminum production needs a lot of energy. This article is surveying the condition of aluminum industry, technology and economy for the new condition in Iran. It analyzes the situation with respect to the production in the region and the world. It also investigates the effects of subsidization elimination on strategies of aluminum development, and shows a new road map to these industries in the new circumstance.